When Portland Coatings, Inc. employs a person he or she has a right to expect a proper place in which to work and proper machines and tools with which to do the job; so that energy will be devoted to work without fear of possible harm to life or health. Only under such circumstances can the relationship between employer and employee be mutually advantageous. It is our desire to provide safe equipment with the elimination of needless suffering a primary concern.
Safe workmanship, in the part of ALL, must be part of our operations.
When you have a suggestion on how to reduce injuries or waste, tell your supervisor.
The success of our safety program depends solely on the cooperation, enthusiasm, and effort we all put in to it. No job is so important that we cannot take the time to do it safely.
Terezia J. Nyland
RESPOSIBILITY OF SUPERVISORS
Supervisors have the primary responsibility for our safety program and, as representatives of management, are delegated responsibility for carrying out certain objectives as follows:
RESPONSIBILITY OF EMPLOYEES
The active interest and cooperation of each employee is vital to the success of our safety program. Therefore, safety is the responsibility of each individual.
Every employee will assume the following duties and responsibilities for safety:
1. Observe all safety rules and procedures,
2. Report unsafe conditions and practices to the supervisor as soon as possible.
3. Conduct work activities in a manner that will not endanger other people.
4. Set an example for new employees.
5. Undertake only those jobs you are authorized to do and that you understand.
6. Make safety suggestions.
7. Report all injuries to your jobsite supervisor immediately. Failure to do so may delay your benefits.
8. Attend regularly scheduled safety meetings as well as special training classes upon notice.
9. Journeyman shall maintain a current first aid certification.
10. Report all injuries to the office immediately.
Safety Supervisor – Chairman Terezia Nyland
Supervisor Terezia Nyland
Foremen Harold Mitchell
Arrange for a meeting place.
Notify members of meetings.
Make time schedule for meetings.
Review previous minutes and materials for meetings.
Prepare minutes for meetings.
Report status of recommendations.
Report unsafe conditions.
Contribute ideas and suggestions for improvement of work safety.
Influence others to work safely.
Attend all safety meetings.
Report all accidents or near accidents.
SAFETY COMMITTEE MEETING GUIDELINES
The meeting of the safety committee will be held on the last Wednesday of every month at 4:00 pm.
The order of business for a safety committee meeting is:
MONTHLY SAFETY FEATURE
One aid to a successful program is to spotlight a monthly safety feature. The safety committee, management, and supervisors should discuss inspection and safety awareness materials.
Industry safety programs, current company accident reports, or other activities may suggest subjects to be featured.
The following are suggested topics for a 12 – month period:
February Floors, aisles, and walking surfaces
March Machine hazards and guarding
April Eye and face protection
May Stairs and ramps
June Electrical hazards
August Material handling and proper lifting
October Fire prevention
November Hazards of driving and vehicle safety
December Personal protective equipment
Occasionally, a specific topic is to be featured. The showing of a safety film or slide program, an outside speaker, or a special demonstration will give the program a “shot in the arm” and stimulate interest.
LOSS SOURCE IDENTIFICATION
Date and time of accident:
Report to supervisor of first aid delayed? Yes___ No___ If yes,
Job name/number: Length of employment:
Nature / extent of injuries or property damage:
Exact location where accident occurred:
Type of accident: (See the following page)
Was employee doing something other than required duties at the time of accident? If so, what and why?
Description of accident: (Detail what employee was doing, how they were doing it, and what physical objects, tools, machines, structures,
Or equipment where involved)
See accident cause on the following page
What should be done and by whom to prevent recurrence of this type
What action are you taking to see that this is done?
Supervisor’s Signature _____________________ Date: __________
TYPE OF ACCIDENT
INJURY PROPERTY DAMAGE
1. Fall from elevation 1. Fire or explosion
2. Fall same level 2. Collapse
3. Struck by 3. Rupture of bursting
4. Overexertion 4. Collision or overturn
Push, pull 5. Other (describe)
5. Electrical contract
8. Dust, gas, caustics, etc.
9. Motor vehicle
10. Other (describe)
ACCIDENT CAUSE ANALYSIS
1. INDAQUATE SAFEGUARDS 1. BODILY CONDITIONS
Lack of handling or safety devices; Overweight, emotional upset, fatigue,
Unsafe design, unguarded machinery intoxication, illness, age, poor eyesight,
Lack of strength, other physical handicaps, etc.
2. IMPROPER, DEFECTIVE EQUIPMENT 2. LACK OF SKILL OR KNOWLEDGE
Poorly maintained equipment; worn, cracked, Improperly trained, inexperienced, uniformed,
Broken, rough, slippery agencies unaware, etc.
3. HAZARDS OF LOCATION 3. ADEQUATE SKILL OR
Poor layout: congestion, insufficient KNOWLEDGE BUT FAILUR IN
Space for storage; poor lighting, etc. EXECUTION
Chance taking; unauthorized or unnecessary
Use of equipment o tools; failure to use or
Deliberately making safety or control devices
Ineffective; failure to do what should have
Been done in the particular situation.
4. POOR HOUSKEEPING 4. IMPROPER APPAREL
Improper piling or placing, closet, Rundown shoes; lack of personal protective
Spillage or breakage. Equipment; loose sleeves; torn clothing
5. NOT OTHERWISE CLASSIFIED 5. NOT OTHERWISE CLASSIFIED
WORKER: DATE OF INJURY:
ADDRESS: TIME OF INJURY:
DATE OF HIRE:
TELEPHONE#: ( ) SOCAIL SECURITY #:
POSITION: JOB NAME / #
ACCIDENT NATURE AND DESCRIPTION:
NAME OF WITNESS:
FIRST AID & TO WORK ( ) SENT HOME ( ) SENT TO PHYSICIAN ( )
NAME AND ADDRESS OF PHYSICIAN:
LAST DATE WORKED: ANTICIPATED DATE OF RETURN:
WAS INJURY CAUSED BY UNSAFE ACT OF CONDITION?
WHAT COULD BE DONE TO CORRECT THIS?
PREVIOUS INJURIES OR ILLNESSES:
WHAT EFFECT MIGHT THES HAVE ON THIS INJURY?
EMPLOYEE’S SIGNATURE: _______________________.
DATE ACCIDENT REPORTED: TO WHOM:
SUPERVISOR’S ACCIDENT DESCRIPTION:
DO YOU QUESTION VALIDITY OF ACCIDENT?
WAS INCIDENT REVIEWED WITH WORKER?
HAVE WRITTEN STATEMENTS BEEN TAKEN FROM WITNESSES?
DO YOU EXPECT EXTENDED DISABILITY?
WORKER’S RATE OF PAY: $ PER AVERAGE HOURS PER WEEK?
WILL WORKER RECEIVE PAY WHILE OFF WORK:
SUPERVISOR’S SIGNATURE: ___________________________ DATE:
REVIEWED BY: (name & title) DATE:
Thank you for your cooperation in making our company a more productive and safe place to work.
List any unsafe act of condition that exists that you know about. Submit and discuss this with your foreman or supervisor for following up, corrective action.
EMPLOYEE NAME: DATE:
JOB NAME / #: SUPERVISOR:
SUPERVISOR’S SIGNATURE: ____________________ DATE:
HAZARD / WORK PRACTICES SURVEY
CONSDUCTED BY ____________________________ DATE_____________
JOB NAME & # ________________________
* S U CORRECTION
1. FIRE PROTECTION
Extinguishing equipment _____ ___ ____________
Signs _____ ___ ____________
Flammable storage and disposal _____ ___ ____________
Exits / not an exit marked _____ ___ ____________
Aisles, stairs, work areas and
Storerooms _____ ___ ____________
Restrooms and locker rooms _____ ___ ____________
Disposal of waste _____ ___ ____________
Yards and parking lots
Power tools, conditions _____ ___ ____________
Hand tools, conditions _____ ___ ____________
Storage _____ ___ ____________
Hard hats _____ ___ ____________
Goggles or face shields _____ ___ ____________
Safety shoes _____ ___ ___________
Gloves / arm protectors _____ ___ ____________
Respirators or masks _____ ___ ___________
Protective clothing _____ ___ ___________
Power trucks, hand trucks _____ ___ ___________
Elevators _____ ___ ___________
Crane and hoists _____ ___ ___________
Conveyors _____ ___ ___________
Cables, ropes, sling, and chains _____ ___ __________
HAZARD / WORK PRACTICES SURVEY
CONDUCTED BY___________________________ DATE____________
JOB NAME & # __________________________
S U CORRECTED
Nip point guards, belts, pulleys, ___ ___ ___________
gears and shafts
Maintenance ___ ___ ___________
7. UNSAFE PRACTICES
Excessive speed ___ ____ ____________
Improper lifting ___ ____ ____________
Smoking ___ ____ ____________
Horseplay ___ ____ ___________
Running ____ ____ ___________
Improper use if air hoses ___ ____ ___________
Work unguarded or moving ___ ____ ___________
Machinery ___ ____ ___________
First aid kits ___ ____ ___________
Stretchers ___ ____ ___________
Emergency showers / eyewash
Stations ___ ____ ___________
Blankets ___ ____ ___________
Acids or caustics ___ ____ ___________
New processes, chemicals or
Solvents ___ ____ ____________
Dust, vapors, or fumes ___ ____ ____________
Ladders or scaffolds ___ ____ ____________
Adequate lighting ____ ____ ____________
Proper ventilation ____ ____ ____________
HAZARD / WORK PRACTICES SURVEY
CONDUCTED BY __________________________ DATE________________
JOB NAME & # ___________________________
S U CORRECTED
Floors and floor loads ___ ___ _____________
Walls ___ ___ _____________
Ceilings ___ ___ _____________
Exits ___ ___ _____________
Stairs, walkways and ramps ___ ___ _____________
Platforms ___ ___ _____________
Driveways ___ ___ _____________
Rungs and rails ___ ___ ____________
Cages, if fixed type ladder ___ ___ _____________
Safety feet ___ ___ ____________
Proper storage ___ ___ ____________
Marked for identification ___ ___ ____________
Switches, breakers and fuses ___ ___ ____________
Insulation ___ ___ ____________
Extension cords ___ ___ ____________
Tools ___ ___ ____________
Motors ___ ___ ____________
Grounding ___ ___ ____________
Explosion – proof equipment ___ ___ ____________
High voltages ___ ___ ___________
Systematic surveys are the basic tool for maintaining safe conditions and
Checking for unsafe practices. Checklists such as this one are to help find
Hazards before they cause accidents.
1. Practical jokes or horseplay are forbidden. These acts cause accidents.
2. Report unsafe conditions or work habits to your supervisor.
3. Report all injuries to the office immediately!
4. Employees are responsible for their own safety. DO YOUR PART.
5. Never adjust, clean, or repair any moving machinery without first shutting off the power and locking or tagging out the controls
6. When making a lift, set feet solidly. Get as close to the load as possible, bend the legs, grip the object firmly, and then straighten the legs to lift the object comfortably. Don’t be a hero. When a load is too heavy or awkward for you, get help.
7. Confine smoking to designated areas only.
8. Lift trucks are not passenger vehicles. NO RIDERS.
9. Personal protective equipment must be worn on jobs, which require it.
10. Housekeeping is everyone’s responsibility. Keep it clean and orderly.
Clean up and put tools away.
11. The engine must be turned off, keys removed, and all powered lifts
lowered to the floor, when powered man lifts are not being used.
12. Know the location and use of fire extinguishes. Report expended ones
to your supervisor.
13. Dispose of combustibles and oily rags in metal fire resistant
14. Obey all traffic regulations when operating company vehicles.
your license and livelihood could be in jeopardy.
15. If you are having health problems or feel that there are circumstances
Which could affect your well being, mention it to your supervisor.
Every ______________________ a safety award will be presented. The type to be announced at the time of presentation. Anyone who has not been injured in the previous______________ is eligible.
COFFEE AND DONUTS
A very simple and direct reward for having injury-free periods is the provision of coffee and donuts for the day. This may be done in a variety of ways, depending upon the types of vending services you have.
Some operations dispense coffee at no cost to the employees one day per month, if the operation has had no injuries for the previous month.
Donuts could also be provided on occasion, especially when there have been several consecutive injury-free months.
Notices should be posted advising employees and thanking them for being safety conscious. The message is simple – “We appreciate you efforts in remaining injury-free and want to reward you for it.”
(Date) (Employee Name)
JOB NAME & # ____________________________
was observed committing a violation of a company safety rule procedure.
Any infraction will receive the following disciplinary:
FIRST OFFENSE: Written warning from your supervisor.
SECOND OFFENSE: The employee will be given____days off
THIRD OFFENSE: Termination of employment.
The supervisor will issue disciplinary action. Warnings must be in writing, one copy to the employee, one copy to management, and one copy to the personal file.
SUPERVISOR: Briefly describe the observed rule or procedure violation:
Supervisor’s Signature _____________________________ Date_________
Employee’s Signature ______________________________ Date_________
This is the ( 1st 2nd 3rd ) offense.
WRITTEN HAZARD COMMUNICATION
Willimasen & Bleid, Inc. has developed a Hazard Communication program to enhance our employees health and safety. All field personnel are to
keep a copy of this program in their possession while at job sites.
As a company we intend to provide information about chemical hazards
And the control of hazards via our comprehensive Hazard Communication
Program which includes container labeling, Material Safety Data Sheets
(MSDS) and training.
The following program outlines how we will accomplish this program.
1. CONTAINER LABELING
It is the policy of this company that no container od hazardous chemicals will be released for use until the following label information is verified:
- Containers are clearly labeled as to the contents.
- Appropriate hazard warnings are noted.
- The name and address of the manufacturer are listed.
This responsibility has been assigned to the shop foreman.
To further ensure that employees are aware of the chemical hazards of materials used in their work areas it is our policy to label al secondary containers.
The supervisor of job Foreman in each section will ensure that all secondary containers are labeled with either an extra copy of the original manufacturer’s label or with generic labels, which have a block identity and blocks for the hazard warning.
2. MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS (MSDS)
Copies of MSDS for all hazardous chemicals to which employees of this company may be exposed are kept in shop office.
MSDS are available to all employees in their work area for review during each work shift. If MSDS are not available or new chemicals in use do not have MSDS, please immediately contact the shop Foreman.
3. EMPLOYEE TRAINING AND INFORMATION
New employees are to attend a health and safety orientation prior to starting work for information and training on the following:
- An overview of the requirements contained in the Hazard
Communication Rules, Division 155.
- Review of the chemicals present in their workplace operations.
- Location and availability of our written hazard program.
- Physical and health effects of the hazardous chemicals.
- Methods and observation techniques used to determine the
Presence or release of hazardous chemicals in the work area.
- How to lessen or prevent exposure to these hazardous chemicals
Through usage of control / work practices and personal protective
- Steps the company has taken to lesson or prevent exposure to
- Safety emergency procedures to follow if our employees are
Exposed to these chemicals.
- How to read labels and review MSDS to obtain appropriate hazard
Training. If you have any additional questions, please contact your safety supervisor or office.
When new chemicals are introduced, the shop Foreman will review the above items as they are related to the new material in your work area safety meeting.
4. HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS
All known hazardous chemicals used in painting applications are available upon request. Further information on each noted chemical can be obtained by reviewing the Material Safety Data Sheets.
Hazardous Chemicals (ie) Work Area or Process (ie)
Trichlorethylene Finish Dept. – Degreaser
Sulfuric Acid Prep Dept. – Metal Cleaner.
5.HAZARDOUS NON-ROUTINE TASKS
Periodically, employees are required to perform hazardous non-routine tasks. Prior to starting work on such projects, each affected employee will be given information by their supervisor about hazards to which they may be exposed during such activity.
This information will include:
- Specific chemical hazards.
- Protective / safety measures which must be utilized.
- Measures the company has taken to lessen the hazards including ventilation, respirators, presence of another employee and emergency procedures.
Examples of non-routine tasks performed by employees of this
Task Hazardous Chemical
Cleaning sewage tank Sodium Hydroxide
6.CHEMICALS IN UNLABELED PIPES (if applicable)
To ensure that our employees who work on unlabeled pipes have been
Informed as to the hazardous materials contained within, the following
Policy has been established:
Prior to starting work on unlabeled pipes our employees are to contact
The shop Foreman for the following information:
- The chemical in the pipe
- Potential hazards
- Safety precautions, which should be taken.
To ensure that outside contractors work safely in our plant, it is the
Responsibility of the estimators to provide contractors the following
- Hazardous chemicals to which they may be exposed while
on the jobsite.
- Precautions the employees may take to lesson the possibility
of exposure by usage of appropriate protective measures.
If anyone has questions about this plan, please contact the shop Foreman.
Our plan will be monitored to ensure that the policies are carried out and that
The plan is effective.
CREW LEADER MEETINGS
We believe that there is no magic formula for the prevention of accidents – hard work and perseverance are required, with the crew leader being the key to a successful result.
To assist in the detection and elimination of unsafe conditions and
The following guidelines will be followed:
1. Weekly crew / leader meetings.
These meetings should be held at least weekly, according to the various circumstances involved or when necessary to clear working procedures. No set pattern will suit all cases. It is important that the crew leader talk daily on accident prevention and immediately on witnessing an unsafe act.
a. Safety committee meetings shall be held at least once a
b. The attendance and subjects discussed shall be
Document and maintained on file for on year.
c. Copies of the minutes should be made available to the
employees by posting or other means.
C. SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES:
(Certain employees, as may be designated by their supervisors, will assist).
1. Conduct walk-around safety inspections with supervisors,
2. Accident investigation to uncover trends.
3. Review accident reports to determine means or elimination.
4. Accept and evaluate employee suggestions.
5. Review job procedures and recommend improvements.
6. Monitor the safety program effectiveness.
7. Promote and publicize safety.
The following form is available to assist in documenting activities
of crew / leader meetings.
CONSTRUCTION SAFETY MEETING
The crew leader’s guide:
Twelve good topics for construction safety meetings:
1. Fall protection / fall prevention
2. Personal protective equipment
a. Hard hats
b. Eye protection
c. Hearing protection
e. Safety belts
f. Respiratory protection
4. Tool inspection
5. Emergency procedures
6. Electrical safety
7. Ladder safety
8. Scaffold safety
9. Fire prevention / fire extinguishers
10. Reporting injuries and unsafe conditions
11. Confined space
12. Lock-out procedures
WEEKLY CREW LEADER SAFETY MEETING
Number of employees:
Crew leader comments:
All Foremen are to pick up additional copies of this form and turn in copy of the minutes of your weekly safety meeting to the safety committee.
437-83-29 - Combustible scrap and debris shall be removed at regular intervals during the course of construction. Safe means shall be provided to facilitate such removal.
437-83-33 - Containers shall be provided for the collection and separation of waste, trash, oily and used rags, and other refuse.
437-83-316 - Employees required to use respiratory protective equipment approved for use in atmospheres immediately dangerous to life need to be thoroughly trained in its use. Employees required to use other typed of respiratory and protective equipment shall be instructed in the use and limitations of such equipment.
437-83-319 - Mechanical filters shall be cleaned or replaced as necessary so as to avoid undue resistance to breathing.
437-83-329 - Employees shall be secured by safety harnesses and lifelines when they work from unguarded surfaces:
(a) Above open pits or tanks, moving machinery, or similar hazardous
(b) More than 20 feet above water, ground, or a lower floor or scaffold.
(C) When they are otherwise exposed to dangerous falls.
437-83-333 - Lifelines and safety belts shall be provided for and used by
employees engaged in securing or shifting thrustouts, inspecting
or working on overhead machines supporting rigging or scaffolds, or
on pitched roofs with a slope greater than 4 inch rise in a 12 inch
437-83-339 - Lifelines, Safety harness and lanyards shall be used only for
safeguarding of personnel.
437-83-343 - Any lifeline, safety belt or lanyard actually subject to in-service
loading, as distinguished from static load testing, shall be immediately removed from service and shall not be used again for employee safeguarding.
437-83-346 - Lifelines shall be secured above the point of operation to an
anchorage or structural member capable of supporting a minimum dead weight of 5,400 pounds
437-83-359 - Safety belt lanyard shall be a minimum ½ -inch nylon, or
equivalent, with a maximum length to provide for a fall of no greater than 6 feet. The rope shall have a nominal breaking strength of 5,400 pounds. The lanyard shall be fire resistant with steel core when used in operations where sparks or open flames are present.
437-83-366 - All safety belt and lanyard hardware, except rivets, shall be
capable of withstanding a tensile loading of 4,000 pounds without cracking, breaking, or taking a permanent deformation.
437-83-606 - For quantities of one gallon or less, only the original container or
approved metal safety cans shall be used for storage, use, and handling of flammable liquids.
437-83-609 - Flammable or combustible liquids shall not be stored in areas
used for exits, stairways, or normally used for the safe passage
437-83-613 - No more than 25 gallons of flammable or combustible liquid
shall be stored in a room outside of an approved storage cabinet.
437-83-616 - Quantities of flammable or combustible liquid shall be stored in a
acceptable or approved cabinet.
437-83-633 - Materials which will react with water and create a fire hazard shall
not be stored in the same room with flammable or combustible liquids.
437-83-653 - Flammable and combustible liquids in excess of that permitted
in inside storage rooms shall be stored outside of buildings.
437-83-839 - Fresh air shall be supplied in sufficient quantities to maintain the
health and safety of workers. Where natural means of fresh air supply is inadequate, mechanical ventilation shall be provided.
437-83-843 - When heater are used in confined spaces, special care shall be
taken to provide sufficient ventilation in order to ensure proper combustion, maintain the health and safety of workers, and limit temperature rise in the area.
437-83-844 - A room or similar area which has only a single opening and/or
openings that are covered and restrict air movement shall be considered to be an enclosed space. The partial opening of a door, window or other covering is not considered adequate ventilation for such spaces.
437-83-853 - Heaters that are not suitable for use on wood floors shall not be set directly upon them or any other combustible material. When such heaters are used, they shall rest on suitable heat insulating material or at least one in inch thick concrete, or equivalent. The insulating material needs to extend at least two feet in all directions, beyond the heater.
437-83-854 – Heaters used in the vicinity of combustible tarpaulins, canvas or similar coverings shall be located at least 10 feet from the coverings. The coverings shall be securely fastened to prevent ignition or upsetting of the heater due to wind action on the covering or other material.
437-83-859 - Heaters, when in use, shall be set horizontally level unless specified by the manufacturer.
HANDLING OF MATERIAL
437-83-946 – All materials stored in tiers shall be stacked, racked, blocked, interlocked or otherwise secured to prevent sliding, falling or collapse.
437-83-953 – Aisle and passageways shall be kept clear to provide for the free and safe movement of material handling equipment or employees. Such areas shall be kept in good repair.
437-83-959 - Material stored inside buildings under construction shall not be placed within six feet of any hoist way or inside floor openings, nor within 10 feet of an exterior wall which does not extend above the top of the material stored.
437-83-973 - Materials shall not be stored on scaffolds or runways in excess of supplies needed for immediate operations.
437-83-1098- All solvent waste, oily rags, and flammable liquids shall be kept in fire resistant covered containers until removed from worksite.
TOOLS – HAND & POWER
437-83-1006 – When power operated tools are designed to accommodate guards; they shall be equipped with such guards when in use.
437-83-1109 – Belts, gears, shafts, pulleys, sprockets, spindles, drums, flywheels, chains, or other reciprocating, rotating or moving parts of equipment shall be guarded if such parts are exposed to contact by employees or otherwise create a hazard. Guarding shall meet the requirements of OAR 437, Division 64, Machinery and Machine Guarding.
437-83-113 -- Employees using hand and power tools and exposed to the hazard of falling, flying, abrasive, and splashing objects, or exposed to harmful dusts, fumes, mists, vapors, or gases shall be provided with the particular personal protective equipment necessary to protect them from the hazard. All personal protective equipment shall meet the requirements and be maintained according to rules 437-83-249 thru 437-83-409, of this division, and OAR 437, Division 50, Personal Protective Equipment, and Division 129, Protective Equipment Apparel and Respirators.
437-83-1146 -- The use of electric cords for hoisting or lowering tools shall not be permitted.
PNEUMATIC POWER TOOLS
437-83-1159 -- Compressed air shall not be used for cleaning except where reduced to less than 30 PSI, measured at the downstream end of the nozzle or lance; and then only with effective chip guarding and personal protective equipment which meet the requirements of Rules 437-83-249 thru 437-83-409 of this division.
437-83-1166 -- The use of hoses for hoisting or lowering tools shall not be permitted.
437-83-1169 -- All hoses exceeding ½ - inch inside diameter shall have a safety device at the source of supply or branch line to reduce pressure to a level that will not cause hose whipping in case of hose failure.
437-83-1173 -- Airless spray guns of the type which atomize paints and fluids at high pressures (1,000 pounds or more per square inch) shall be equipped with automatic or visible manual safety devices which will prevent pulling of the trigger to prevent release of the paint or fluid until the safety device Is manually released.
437-83-1176 -- In lieu of the above, a diffuser nut, which will prevent high pressure, high velocity release, while the nozzle tip is removed, plus a nozzle tip guard that will prevent the tip from coming into contact with the operator, or other equivalent protection, shall be provided.
437-83-1686 -- Extension cords used with portable electric tools and appliances shall be of three-wire type.
437-83-1699 -- Temporary lights shall be equipped with guards to prevent accidental contact with the bulb, except that guards are not required when required when the construction of the reflector is such that the bulb is deeply recessed.
437-83-1703 -- Temporary lights shall be equipped with heavy-duty electric cords with connections and insulation maintained in safe condition.
437-83-1706 -- their electric cords shall not suspend Temporary lights unless cords and lights are designed for this mans of suspension.
437-83-1709 -- Working spaces, walkways, and similar locations shall be kept clear of cords so as not to create a hazard to employees.
437-83-1846 -- The use of any ladder with a broken or missing rung or step, broken or split side rail, or other faulty or defective condition Is prohibited.
(a) Ladders with defects shall be withdrawn from service, and clearly marked “ Broken DO NOT USE “.
(b) Inspection of metal ladders shall include checking for corrosion of interiors of open-end hollow rungs.
437-83-1849 -- Ladders shall not be used as guys, braces, or skids, or for other than their intended purpose.
437-83-1853 -- Workers shall “face” a ladder when ascending or descending.
437-83-1856 -- Workers shall have the use of both hands when ascending or descending a ladder
Note: This rule is not intended to prohibit the carrying of small items up and down a ladder.
437-83-1859 -- Before using ladders, workers shall see that their boot or shoe soles are free of slippery substances.
437-83-1863 -- Overloading or crowding on ladders shall be prohibited.
437-83-1866 -- Extension ladders shall be equipped with necessary guide irons, locks, and hooks and shall be assembled so that the sliding (upper) section shall be on top of the base (lower) section.
437-83-1879 -- Portable ladder feet shall be placed on a substantial base, and the area around the ladder shall be kept clear.
437-83-1883 -- Portable ladders shall be used at such a pitch that the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is about one- quarter of the working length of the ladder (the length along the ladder between the foot and the top support).
437-83-1886 -- Ladders shall not be used in a horizontal position as platforms, runways, or scaffolds.
437-83-1889 -- Ladders shall not be placed in passageways, doorways, driveways, or any location where they may be displaced by activities being conducted on any other work, unless protected by barricades or guards.
437-83-1893 -- The side rails of ladders shall extend not less than 36 inches above the landing served. When this is not possible, grab rails, which provide a secure grip for an employee moving to or from the point of access, shall be installed.
437-18-1896 -- Portable ladders in use shall be tied, blocked, or otherwise secured to prevent their being displaced.
437-18-1899 -- Portable metal ladders shall not be used when workers or ladders are exposed to contact with electrical conductors.
437-83-1953 -- The footing or anchorage for scaffolds shall be sound, rigid, and capable of carrying the maximum intended load without settling or displacement. Unstable objects such, as barrels, boxes, loose brick, or concrete blocks, shall not be used to support scaffolds or planks.
437-83-1956 -- No scaffold shall be erected, moved, dismantled, or altered except under the supervision of a competent person.
437-83-1959 -- Guardrails and toe boards shall be installed on all open sides and ends of platforms more than 10 feet above the ground or floor, except needle beam, adder jacks, and float scaffolds.
437-83-1966 -- Guardrails for scaffold platforms shall:
(a) Be made of lumber not less then 2x4 inches (or other material providing equivalent protection);
(b) Be from 36 to 44 inches high;
(c) Have a mid-rail of 2x4 inch lumber (or other material providing equivalent protection);
(d) Have a toe board a minimum of 4-inches in height.
(e) Have supports at intervals no to exceed 8 feet.
-- Where persons
are required to work or pass under scaffold, scaffolds shall be provided with a
screen between toe board and guardrail, extending along the entire opening,
consisting of No. 18 gauge
437-83-1976 -- Any scaffold including accessories such as braces, brackets, trusses, ladders, etc. Damaged or weakened from any cause shall be immediately repaired or replaced.
437-83-1993 -- Scaffold platforms planks shall be laid with their edges close together so the platform will be tight with no spaces through which tools or fragments of material can fall.
(a) All scaffold planking or platforms shall be overlapped (minimum of 12 inches), or secured from movement.
(c) Two successive lengths of planking shall not abut upon a single bearer.
(d) Scaffold planks shall extend over their end supports not less than 6 inches no more than 12 inches, unless otherwise specifically required.
(e) Scaffold platforms shall be not less than 20 inches wide unless otherwise specifically required or exempted.
(f) Edges of scaffold platforms shall extend to a vertical line not more than 3 inches form adjacent guardrail.
(g) Where toe boards are required, planking shall extend to the toe board.
437-83-1997 -- A safe access ladder or equivalent safe access to every scaffold work platform shall be provided.
437-83-199 -- The poles, legs, or uprights of scaffolds shall be plumb, and securely and securely and rigidly braced to prevent swaying and displacement.
437-83-2003 – Overhead protection shall be provided for men on a scaffold exposed to overhead hazards.
437-83-2006 – Slippery conditions on scaffolds shall be eliminated as soon as possible after they occur.
437-83-2009 – No welding, burning, riveting, or open flame work shall e performed on any staging suspended by means of fiber or synthetic rope.
437-83-2013 – Only treated or protected fiber or synthetic ropes shall be used for or near any work involving the use of corrosive substances or chemicals.
437-83-2016 – Wire, synthetic, or fiber rope used for scaffold suspension shall be capable of supporting at least 6 times the rated load.
437-83-2019 – The use of shore or lean – to scaffolds is prohibited.
437-83-2173 – When freestanding mobile scaffold towers are used, the height shall not exceed four times the minimum base dimension.
437-83-2183 – All casters of mobile scaffolds shall be provided with a positive locking device to hold the scaffold in position.
437-83-2199 – The force necessary to move a mobile scaffold shall be applied near or as close to the base as practicable and provision shall be made to stabilize the tower during movement from one location to another.
437-83-2206 – The employer shall not allow employees to ride on manually propelled scaffolds unless the following conditions exist:
(a) The floor or surface is within 3 degrees of level, and free form pits, holes, or obstructions;
(b) The minimum dimension of the scaffold base when ready for rolling, is at least one-half of the height;
(c) Outriggers, if used, shall be installed on both sides of staging.
(d) The wheels are equipped with rubber or similar resilient tires;
(e) All tools and materials are secured or removed from the platform before the mobile scaffold is moved.
437-83-2213 – Manually propelled mobile scaffolds 10 feet or more in height, shall be equipped with guard rails as prescribed in Rules 437-83-1959, 1966 1969, 1973, and 1976.
437-83-2216 -- Outrigger scaffold beams shall:
(a) Extend not more than 6 feet beyond the face of the building or structure.
(b) The inboard end of the outrigger beams, measured from the fulcrum point to anchorage point, shall not be less than 1 ½ times the outboard end in length.
(c) The beams shall rest on edge, the sides shall be plumb, and the edges shall be horizontal.
(d) The fulcrum point of the beam shall rest on a secure bearing at least 6 inches in each horizontal dimension.
(e) The beam shall be secured in place against movement and shall be securely braced at the fulcrum point against tipping.
(f) The inboard ends of outrigger beams shall be securely anchored either by means of struts bearing against sills in contact with the overhead beams or ceiling, or by means of tension members secured to the floor joists, underfoot, or by both if necessary.
(g) The inboard ends of outrigger beams shall be secured against tipping
(h) The entire supporting structure shall be securely braced in both directions to prevent any horizontal movement.
437-83-2223 – Planking on outrigger scaffolds shall be laid tight and shall extend to within 3 inches or the building wall. Planking shall be secured to the beams.
437-83-2226 – Outrigger scaffolds shall be equipped with guardrails as prescribed in Rules 437-83-1959 thru 437-83-1976.
437-83-2269 –Two–-point suspension scaffold platforms shall not be less than 20 inches nor more than 36 inches wide overall. The platform shall be securely fastened to the hangers by U-bolts or by other equivalent means.
437-83-2273 – The hangers of two-point suspension scaffolds shall be made of mild steel, or other equivalent materials, having a cross-sectional area capable of sustaining 4 times the maximum rated load, and shall be designed with support for guardrail, intermediate rail, and toe board.
437-83-2279 – The two-point suspension scaffold roof irons or hooks shall be of mild steel, or other equivalent material, or proper size and design, securely installed and anchored. Tiebacks of ¾ inch manila rope, or the equivalent, shall serve as a secondary means of anchorage, installed at right angles to the face of the building, whenever possible, and secured to a structurally sound portion of the building.
437-83-2289 – All wire ropes, fiber and synthetic ropes, slings, hangers, platforms, and other supporting parts used with two-point suspension scaffolds shall be inspected before every installation. Periodic inspections shall be made while the scaffold is in use.
437-83-2293 – On suspension scaffolds designed for a working load of 500 pounds, no more than two men shall be permitted to work at one time. On suspension scaffolds with a working load of 750 ponds, no more than three men shall be permitted to work at one time.
437-83-2296 – Each employee on a two-point suspension scaffold shall be protected by an approved safety life belt attached to a lifeline.
(a) The lifeline shall be securely attached to substantial members of the structure (not scaffold) or to securely rigged lines, which will safely suspend the employee in case of a fall.
(b) In order to keep the lifeline continuously attached, with minimum of slack, to a fixed structure, the attachment point of the lifeline shall be appropriately changed as the work progresses.
437-83-2299 – Two-point suspension scaffolds shall be securely lashed to the building or structure or other means taken to prevent them from swaying. Window cleaners’ anchors shall not be used for this purpose.
437-83-2306 – Two-point suspension scaffolds shall be equipped with guardrails as prescribed in Rules 437-83-1959 thru 437-83-1976.
437-83-2359 – While using a boatswain’s chair, the employee shall be protected by a safety belt and lifeline in accordance with Rules 437-83-339 thru 437-83-366. The attachment point of the lifeline to the structure shall be appropriately changed as the work progresses.
437-83-2366 – The roof irons, hooks, or the object to which boatswain’s chair tackle is anchored shall be securely installed. Tiebacks, when used shall be installed at right angles to the face of the building and securely fastened.
437-83-2479 – All ladder jack scaffolds shall be limited to light duty and shall not exceed a height of 30 feet above the floor or ground.
437-83-2489 – Ladders used in conjunction with ladder jacks shall be so places, fastened, held or equipped with devices so as to prevent slipping.
437-83-2496 – Not more than two employees shall occupy and given 8 feet of any ladder jack scaffold at any one time and they shall be protected by safety belts and lifelines.
437-873-3093 – Aerial ladders shall be secured in the lower traveling position by the locking device on top of the truck cab, and the manually operated device at the base of the ladder before the truck is moved for highway travel.
437-83-3099 – Only authorize persons shall operate an aerial lift.
437-83-3103 – Employees shall always stand firmly on the floor of the aerial lift basket or use planks, ladders, or other devices for a work position.
437-83-3106 – A safety harness shall be worn with lanyard attached to the boom or basket when working from an aerial lift.
437-83-3109 – Belting off to an adjacent pole, structure, or equipment while working from an aerial lift shall not be permitted.
437-83-3113 – Boom and basket load limits specified by the manufacturer shall not be exceeded.
437-83-3119 – An aerial truck shall not be moved when the boom is elevated in a working position with persons in the basket, except for equipment, which is specially designed for this type of operation.
437-83-3126 – Climbers shall not be worn while performing work from an aerial lift.
437-83-3129 – The insulated portion of an aerial life shall not be altered in any manner that might reduce its insulating value.
This is to certify that on the above date, I received a copy of the Safety Rules and Regulations which I have read. I understand I will be guided by these while employed by this company. I agree to maintain a copy of the Hazard Communication Program in my possession at all times during working hours.
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